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European Law

What is Meant by European Law and Which Countries are Involved?

Foto: Frau sitzt vor ihren Unterlagen und blickt lächelnd in die Kamera

The term, “European law”, refers to all regulations passed at European level in the field of social security. These are primarily




Regulation (EC) Number 883/2004

and

Regulation (EC) Number 987/2009

European law currently applies for the following member states of the European Union:

Table: Member States of the European Union (EU)
Flagge Belgien
Belgium
Flagge Bulgarien
Bulgaria
Flagge Dänemark
Denmark

Flagge Deutschland

Germany

Flagge Estland
Estonia
Flagge Finnland
Finland
Flagge Frankreich
France
Flagge Griechenland
Greece
Flagge Großbritannien
United Kingdom
Flagge Irland
Ireland
Flagge Italien
Italy

Flagge Kroatien

Croatia

Flagge Lettland
Latvia
Flagge Litauen
Lithuania
Flagge Luxemburg
Luxembourg
Flagge Malta - Quelle: BEM - Fotolia.com -
Malta
Flagge Niederlande
Netherlands
Flagge Österreich
Austria
Flagge Polen
Poland
Flagge Portugal
Portugal
Flagge Rumänien
Romania
Flagge Schweden
Sweden
Flagge Slowakei
Slovakia
Flagge Slowenien
Slovenia
Flagge Spanien
Spain
Flagge Tschechien
Czechia
Flagge Ungarn
Hungary

Flagge Zypern

Cyprus (Greek part)

European law is also applied in relation to

Flagge Schweiz

Switzerland

and the EEA countries:

Flagge IslandIceland

Flagge LiechtensteinLiechtenstein

Flagge NorwegenNorway.

Furthermore: If our internet site refers to “member state” for the sake of simplicity, this term refers to all countries named earlier to which European law applies.

This includes, in particular, the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland. Although the United Kingdom (including Northern Ireland) declared on 29th March 2017 that it will leave the European Union, European law still applies in full until it leaves.

Who regulates European law?

European law on pensions insurance was created for people who work or have worked in different European countries during their working lives. It is intended to ensure that they suffer as few disadvantages as possible on the issue of social security.

European law is a directly applicable law within the European Union that takes precedence over German law and makes contradictory German regulations invalid. However in doing so, existing entitlements according to German law must not be removed or reduced.

The most important fundamentals of European law are:

To whom does European law apply?

European law benefits nationals of the member states of the European Union, THE EEA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) and Switzerland as well as their surviving dependents.

The regulations also apply to stateless persons and migrants, including their respective surviving dependents residing in a member state, EEA country or Switzerland.

Furthermore European law can also apply under certain conditions to people who do not have the nationality of a member state (so-called third country nationals).

You can find out more information on European law in the free-of-charge flyer, “Living and Working in Europe”.

Living and Working in Europe

Information from the European Commission on your Rights in the Individual Countries

European Commission

Electronic Exchange of Social Security Information (EESSI)

Deutsche Fassung

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